Accessibility Laws for K-12 Schools

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Schools are obligated to comply with the ADA Title II and Section 504

Accessible Web is here to help your school or school district with ADA website compliance. Don’t risk an investigation by the Office of Civil Rights, Department of Justice or litigation due to an inaccessible website  

ADA Title II

Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits disability discrimination by all public entities at the local and state level. This includes schools. Under Title II schools – regardless of whether they receive federal funds – are required to comply with several regulations  

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

Are your customers raving about you on social media? Share their great stories to help turn potential customers into loyal ones. This law defines individuals with disabilities as “persons with a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more major life activities.” It also expands the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, which applies to K-12 schools, to protect a broader range of children with disabilities 

Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act

Section 508 became an amendment to the Rehabilitation Act in 1998 when an older version of the law was updated. This section covers access to federal programs and services in regards to electronic and information technology. Section 508 is a bit more ambiguous than Section 504, as it’s unclear to some, whether federally funded programs must comply with Section 508. Despite this, there are other regulations which require these programs to provide accessible tech and web content. One example of this is the Assistive Technology Act, which will not provide funding to states unless they guarantee compliance with Section 508. 

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) ensures students with a disability are provided with Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) that meets their specific individual needs. IDEA was previously known as the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHA) from 1975 to 1990, at which time it became IDEA. The overarching purpose of IDEA is to afford children with disabilities the same opportunity for education as those students without disabilities 

State Laws

 

In addition to federal laws, many states have their own accessibility laws. Typically, these laws reference or emulate Section 508, covering technology. In addition, the 2004 amendments to the IDEA require each state to develop a State Performance Plan (SPP) and Annual Performance Report (APR) that evaluates the state’s efforts to implement the requirements and purposes of the IDEA, and describes how the state will improve its implementation.